Followers of Islam are called Muslims. They believe there is one God, who is called Allah. Muslims believe that Islam was revealed over 1,400 years ago in Mecca, to a man called Muhammad by the Angel Gabriel. Muhammad is so revered that it is usual for Muslims to say ‘peace be upon him’ whenever they mention his name. Muhammad is believed by Muslims to be the last prophet sent by God. According to Muslims, God sent prophets to mankind to teach them how to live according to his law. Jesus (Isa), Moses (Musa) and Abraham (Ibrahim) are other respected prophets.
The Muslim holy book is called the Qur’an. Muslims believe this to be the word of God as dictated to Muhammad. Muslims follow the five basic Pillars of Islam. They are an essential part of Muslim life. Muslims worship in a building called a Mosque. On Friday at noon, the most important of the weekly services is held. When Muslims pray, they must always face Mecca.
Modern Standard Arabic is a written language, but in many places in North Africa locals speak an unwritten Arabic dialect. Watch the video and see if you can learn any phrases.