Connect Junior is Africa Inland Mission’s quarterly prayer magazine for children aged 8-14. This page includes accompanying resources for issue ten, which featured healthcare in Kenya.
People from north east Africa first settled in the area that is now Kenya around 2000BC. By 1st century AD Arab and Persian traders had settled on the coast, whilst people from the Nile Valley and from sub-Saharan Africa had settled inland. The Swahili language developed so that these different people groups could communicate and trade together.
The Portuguese arrived in 1498 and took control of areas of the coast. They were defeated by Arabs from Oman and Islamic control began in the 1600’s until the British arrived in the 19th century.
This was the beginning of Kenya’s colonial history, when a country (in this case Britain) takes control of another land, and makes it a ‘colony’ of their own country. Often, they do this because they want more land, to live in, for farming, or to get resources from.
In 1942, different groups of Kenyans decided to take an oath of secrecy and unity in order to fight for freedom from British rule. This was called the Mau Mau movement. In 1953, a man called Jomo Kenyatta was put in prison for seven years for leading the group. This caused a lot of anger and violence, and people wanted Kenyatta to be released. He was released in 1962 and, when Kenya finally gained independence on December 12, 1963, he became Kenya’s first prime minister. The following year, Kenya became a Republic, a country ruled by the government, rather than the monarchy. Kenyatta was its first president.